This document will serve as an introduction to negotiation within the Diplomacy Competition during Phase Two
At the start of Phase One, you will be provided with a resolution and briefing paper to consider the position of your nation, and any amendments you believe are relevant. During Phase Two, you will be allowed to submit these amendments and vote on them at the end of this phase, within your Pool. This is your main opportunity to negotiate and lobby with other participants.
Below are some guidelines to help you form an effective negotiating strategy and make the most out of Phase Two. Remember that points will be awarded on the basis of community interaction.
Keep your comments brief and use the ‘reply’ function on the forum. Doing this will help keeps the forum easier to navigate. It may be tempting to write a long-winded explanation, but concise ones are usually better at promoting discussion. Additionally, the reply function will help group similar discussions together.
Keep track of discussions - you won’t be able to access the comments upon the start of Phase Three, when you have to write a Position Paper. Make sure you take notes during Phase Two so you have something to work with while you edit.
Remember that there is a vote on the resolution as it stands at the end of Phase Four:
- Work with other countries with similar views to debate with those that have opposing views.
- If another country is on the fence about the topic, you could try targeting them to take your side.
Be as helpful as you can towards other teams:
- Try to identify contradictions or flaws in other teams’ arguments, but also offer partial solutions to the problem if you can.
- Share resources and information with other teams.
Don’t be afraid to ask other teams about their content:
- If you don’t understand a particular point, ask them for clarification.
- It is also fine to ask other teams about their references and sources of information.
There is an emphasis on diplomacy, as relevant to the Code of Conduct and Rules of Procedure.
Do not be overbearing or uncooperative. On the other hand, it is also important to stay true to your assigned country’s views. Additionally, don’t base your negotiations on hypothetical scenarios or situations as they are not particularly useful.
Have a read of the Code of Conduct and be sure you comply with it in all your interactions and comments. We will have Facilitators that will edit or remove offensive or inappropriate comments. However, we cannot practically be monitoring all comments at all time, so if you see anything inappropriate please inform us immediately through the ‘Ask a Moderator’ button.
This document describes the policy that you will be debating as delegates representing your member state. The preambulatory clauses are found at the beginning of the document and in conjunction with each round’s briefing paper, give you a basic idea of what the resolution aims to address and achieve with its practical policy further on.
The operative clauses are then found as statements of action that the United Nations General Assembly calls for from each member state. These are what you will be debating - under each clause you will find options to propose or second an amendment in the second phase, also with the choice to propose or second the entire resolution at the beginning of the round.
Just as in a traditional Model United Nations setting, there are three different types of amendments that can be undertaken during the second phase of each Diplomacy Competition round.
- Editing - show up in yellow ‘modification’ sections, and involve aspects of a clause which you may alter by changing existing text.
- Deletion - show up in red sections, and involve completely striking or removing a clause, which may also involve related sub-clauses.
- Addition - show up in blue and involve writing an entirely new clause which may then be added to the existing resolution.
The Forum is a unique opportunity for you to discuss aspects of relevant proposed amendments, and how they may affect your Member State or others.
This is where the major discussions of Diplomacy Competition will take place, and is your chance to persuade other Member States of your perspectives, especially when amendments come up that your nation has a particularly strong view on, or will be instrumental in determining what stance your nation takes in voting on the overall resolution.
To get to the forum and start participating in discussions, click on the relevant subheading in the upper menu bar, as shown below.
You will then be directed to the forum menu as shown above, where you can choose to participate in any of the relevant discussions over proposed amendments, the resolution as a whole, or any other specific topics that have been put forward.
Discussion threads will automatically be created when an amendment is proposed. You can also create a new discussion by clicking the [+ New Topic] link.
Once you enter a new link from the forum, you will see a page similar to that below.
This is where you can follow the feed and debate with other delegations according to the topic at hand.
Final Tips and Summary
- Discuss ways to increase the depth of your analysis with countries that have similar views to yours and jointly improve your position papers.
- Discuss with your team the reasoning and justifications behind the opinions of countries whose views oppose yours, and the main points of clash.
- Remember that at the end of phase three you will be expected to write a position paper with an analysis of relevant clauses.
- Discuss issues that are important to your country that you want to change / have in the resolution.
- Focus around what will make your delegation vote in a particular way, and how you can achieve a positive outcome for your nation, from the passing of the resolution.
- Use Google Docs, so you can use it to collaborate with your team in real time. Additionally, you can create a separate Google Doc to put all your research notes in.
- Try splitting up your researching! Assign a couple of clauses to each team member, as well as the task of finding one other relevant Member State issue. This will help spread the workload more evenly.